Table of Contents

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2018

 

OR

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from                  to                 

 

Commission File Number: 001-36304

 

RXi Pharmaceuticals Corporation

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware   45-3215903
(State of incorporation)  

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

 

257 Simarano Drive, Suite 101, Marlborough, MA 01752

(Address of principal executive office) (Zip code)

 

Registrant’s telephone number: (508) 767-3861

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes      No  ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter time that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes      No  

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer     Accelerated filer  
       
Non-accelerated filer   ☐     Smaller reporting company  
       
        Emerging growth company  

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act.  ☐

 

Indicate by checkmark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes      No  

 

As of November 9, 2018, RXi Pharmaceuticals Corporation had 18,164,356 shares of common stock, $0.0001 par value, outstanding.

 

 

 

   

 

 

RXI PHARMACEUTICALS CORPORATION

FORM 10-Q — QUARTER ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2018

 

INDEX

 

Part No.

  Item No.   Description   Page
No.
 
       
I       FINANCIAL INFORMATION        
       
    1     Financial Statements (Unaudited)     3  
        Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017     3  
        Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2018 and 2017     4  
        Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2018 and 2017     5  
        Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements     6  
    2     Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations     13  
    3     Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk     20  
    4     Controls and Procedures     20  
       
II       OTHER INFORMATION     21  
       
    1     Legal Proceedings     21  
    1A   Risk Factors     21  
    2     Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds     21  
    3     Defaults Upon Senior Securities     21  
    4     Mine Safety Disclosures     21  
    5     Other Information     21  
    6     Exhibits     22  
   
   
Signatures     23  

 

 

 

 

   

 

 

PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

RXI PHARMACEUTICALS CORPORATION

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(Amounts in thousands, except share and per share data)

(Unaudited)

 

  

September 30,

2018

   December 31,
2017
 
ASSETS          
Current assets:          
Cash and cash equivalents  $3,240   $3,581 
Restricted cash   50    50 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets   332    201 
Total current assets   3,622    3,832 
Property and equipment, net   187    248 
Other assets       18 
Total assets  $3,809   $4,098 
           
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY          
Current liabilities:          
Accounts payable  $491   $511 
Accrued expenses   1,568    1,754 
Total current liabilities   2,059    2,265 
Commitments and contingencies          
Stockholders’ equity:          
Preferred stock, $0.0001 par value, 10,000,000 shares authorized; no shares issued or outstanding        
Common stock, $0.0001 par value, 100,000,000 shares authorized; 4,449,909 and 2,429,993 shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively        
Additional paid-in capital   85,934    80,384 
Accumulated deficit   (84,184)   (78,551)
Total stockholders’ equity   1,750    1,833 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity  $3,809   $4,098 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

 

 3 

 

 

RXI PHARMACEUTICALS CORPORATION

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(Amounts in thousands, except share and per share data)

(Unaudited)

 

   Three Months Ended
September 30,
   Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
   2018   2017   2018   2017 
Revenues  $57   $   $138   $ 
Operating expenses:                    
Research and development   838    1,490    3,382    4,166 
Acquired in-process research and development               4,696 
General and administrative   711    986    2,386    3,209 
Total operating expenses   1,549    2,476    5,768    12,071 
Operating loss   (1,492)   (2,476)   (5,630)   (12,071)
Total other expense, net   (1)       (3)    
Loss before income taxes   (1,493)   (2,476)   (5,633)   (12,071)
Income tax benefit               1,621 
Net loss  $(1,493)  $(2,476)  $(5,633)  $(10,450)
Net loss per share:                    
Basic and diluted  $(0.34)  $(1.05)  $(1.54)  $(4.71)
Weighted average shares used in calculating:                    
Basic and diluted net loss per share   4,371,259    2,351,144    3,662,924    2,216,775 
                     

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 4 

 

 

RXI PHARMACEUTICALS CORPORATION

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(Amounts in thousands)
(Unaudited)

 

  

Nine Months Ended

September 30,

 
   2018   2017 
Cash flows from operating activities:          
Net loss  $(5,633)  $(10,450)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:          
Depreciation and amortization   61    48 
Non-cash stock-based compensation   117    276 
Acquired in-process research and development       4,696 
Deferred taxes       (1,621)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:          
Prepaid expenses and other assets   (113)   (121)
Accounts payable   (20)   (417)
Accrued expenses   (186)   276 
Net cash used in operating activities   (5,774)   (7,313)
Cash flows from investing activities:          
Cash acquired in MirImmune Inc. acquisition       100 
Cash paid for purchase of property and equipment       (203)
Net cash used in investing activities       (103)
Cash flows from financing activities:          
Net proceeds from the issuance of common stock and warrants   5,433    (74)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities   5,433    (74)
Net decrease in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash   (341)   (7,490)
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at the beginning of period   3,631    12,956 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at the end of period  $3,290   $5,466 
Supplemental disclosure of non-cash investing and financing activities:          
Conversions of Series B convertible preferred stock into common stock  $   $3,525 
Conversion of Series C convertible preferred stock into common stock  $   $816 
MirImmune Inc. Acquisition:          
Cancellation of notes receivable  $   $150 
Accounts payable assumed  $   $5 
Fair value of securities issued  $   $2,824 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

 

 5 

 

 

RXI PHARMACEUTICALS CORPORATION

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

1. Nature of Operations

 

RXi Pharmaceuticals Corporation (“RXi,” “we,” “our” or the “Company”) is a biotechnology company developing the next generation of immuno-oncology therapeutics based on its self-delivering RNAi (“sd-rxRNA®”) therapeutic platform. The Company’s sd-rxRNA compounds do not require a delivery vehicle to penetrate the cell and are designed to “silence,” or down-regulate, the expression of a specific gene that may be over-expressed in a disease condition. We believe that this provides RXi with a distinct advantage in adoptive cell transfer therapy, the Company’s initial focus and approach to immuno-oncology.

 

Prior to the Company’s acquisition of MirImmune Inc. in January 2017, our principal activities consisted of the preclinical and clinical development of the Company’s sd-rxRNA compounds and topical immunotherapy agent in the areas of dermatology and ophthalmology. In January 2018, after a thorough review of its business operations, development programs and financial resources, the Company made a strategic decision to focus solely on immuno-oncology to accelerate growth and support a potential return on investment for its stockholders. The Company’s current business strategy focuses on the development of immuno-oncology therapeutics utilizing our proprietary sd-rxRNA technology.

 

The Company intends to seek a partner and/or out-licensee for each of its dermatology and ophthalmology franchises, including RXI-109 and Samcyprone®, to continue their development. The goal of any such transaction would be to allow the Company to monetize these preclinical and clinical assets to further fund ongoing and future development work in our immuno-oncology programs and extend our financial runway.

 

On January 3, 2018, the Board of Directors of the Company approved a 1-for-10 reverse stock split of the Company’s outstanding common stock, which was effected on January 8, 2018. All share and per share amounts in the financial statements have been retroactively adjusted for all periods presented to give effect to the reverse stock split, including reclassifying an amount equal to the reduction in par value to additional paid-in capital.

 

2. Significant Accounting Policies

 

Basis of Presentation

 

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements are unaudited and have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”). Certain information and footnote disclosures included in the Company’s annual financial statements have been condensed or omitted. The year-end condensed balance sheet data was derived from audited financial statements, but does not include all disclosures required by GAAP. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (including normal recurring accruals) considered necessary for a fair presentation of the condensed consolidated financial statements have been included. Interim results are not necessarily indicative of results for a full year.

 

Principles of Consolidation

 

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of RXi Pharmaceuticals Corporation and its wholly-owned subsidiary, MirImmune, LLC. All material intercompany accounts have been eliminated in consolidation.

 

Uses of Estimates in Preparation of Financial Statements

 

The preparation of financial statements in accordance with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ materially from these estimates.

 

 

 

 6 

 

 

Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash

 

The Company considers all highly liquid instruments with an original maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents. Cash equivalents consist primarily of amounts invested in certificates of deposit.

 

Restricted cash consists of certificates of deposit held by financial institutions as collateral for the Company’s corporate credit cards.

 

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

 

The carrying amounts reported in the balance sheet for cash equivalents, restricted cash, accounts payable and accrued expenses approximate their fair values due to their short-term nature.

 

Research and Development Expenses

 

Research and development costs relate to salaries, employee benefits, facility-related expenses, supplies, stock-based compensation related to employees and non-employees involved in the Company’s research and development, external services, other operating costs and overhead related to its research and development departments, costs to acquire technology licenses and expenses associated with preclinical activities and its clinical trials. Research and development expenses are charged to expense as incurred. Payments made by the Company in advance for research and development services not yet provided and/or for materials not yet received are recorded as prepaid expenses and expensed when the service has been performed or when the goods have been received. Accrued liabilities are recorded related to those expenses for which vendors have not yet billed the Company with respect to services provided and/or materials that it has received.

  

Preclinical and clinical trial expenses relate to estimates of costs incurred and fees connected with clinical trial sites, third-party clinical research organizations and other preclinical and clinical related activities and include such items as subject-related fees, laboratory work, investigator fees and analysis costs. Costs associated with these expenses are generally payable on the passage of time or when certain milestones are achieved. Expense is recorded during the period incurred or in the period in which a milestone is achieved. In order to ensure that the Company has adequately provided for preclinical and clinical expenses during the proper period, the Company maintains an accrual to cover these expenses. These accruals are assessed on a quarterly basis and are based on such assumptions as expected total cost, the length of the study, timing of certain milestones and other information available to us. Actual results may differ from these estimates and could have a material impact on the Company’s reported results. The Company’s historical accrual estimates have not been materially different from its actual costs.

 

Stock-based Compensation

 

The Company follows the provisions of the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 718, “Compensation — Stock Compensation” (“ASC 718”), which requires the measurement and recognition of compensation expense for all stock-based payment awards made to employees, officers, non-employee directors, and non-employees, including stock options. Stock compensation expense based on the grant date fair value estimated in accordance with the provisions of ASC 718 is recognized as an expense over the requisite service period.

 

Income Taxes

 

The Company recognizes assets or liabilities for the deferred tax consequences of temporary differences between the tax basis of assets or liabilities and their reported amounts in the financial statements in accordance with the FASB ASC Topic 740, “Accounting for Income Taxes.” On December 22, 2017, the President of the United States signed into law the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act tax reform legislation. This legislation makes significant changes in U.S. tax law including a reduction in the corporate tax rates, changes to net operating loss carryforwards and carrybacks, and a repeal of the corporate alternative minimum tax. The Company is continuing to assess the impact of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act and does not expect the provisions to have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

 

 

 

 7 

 

 

Comprehensive Loss

 

The Company’s comprehensive loss is equal to its net loss for all periods presented.

 

Net Loss per Share

 

The Company accounts for and discloses net loss per share in accordance with the FASB ASC Topic 260, “Earnings per Share.” Basic and diluted net loss per share is computed by dividing net loss by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing the Company’s net earnings by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding and the impact of all dilutive potential common shares.

 

3. Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

In May 2014, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2014-09, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606).” ASU 2014-09 states that an entity should recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. On July 9, 2015, the FASB voted to delay the effective date of the new revenue standard by one year but to permit entities to choose to adopt the standard as of the original effective date. In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-08, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606) – Principal Versus Agent Considerations,” which improves the operability and understandability of the implementation guidance on principal versus agent considerations. In April 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-10, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606) – Identifying Performance Obligations and Licensing,” which clarifies two aspects of the guidance on accounting for revenue contracts with customers: identifying performance obligations and the licensing implementation guidance. In May 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-12, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606) – Narrow Scope Improvements and Practical Expedients,” which addresses collectability assessment, presentation of sales taxes, noncash consideration and completed contracts and contract modifications at transition. The amendments in these ASUs do not change the core principles for those areas. This standard became effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within that reporting period. Early adoption is not permitted. The Company adopted this ASU in the first quarter of 2018. Since the Company has no significant revenue, this ASU had no immediate impact on its consolidated financial statements.

  

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, “Leases (Topic 842),” which requires companies that are lessees to recognize a right-of-use asset and lease liability for most leases that do not meet the definition of a short-term lease. For income statement purposes, leases will continue to be classified as either operating or financing. Classification will be based on criteria that are largely similar to those applied in current lease accounting. This standard will result in extensive qualitative and quantitative disclosure changes. In July 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-10, “Codification Improvements to Topic 842, Leases,” which affects narrow aspects of the guidance issued in the amendments in ASU 2016-02, “Leases.” The FASB further issued ASU 2018-11, “Leases (Topic 842): Targeted Improvements”, in July 2018, which provides entities with an additional (and optional) transition method to adopt the new leases standard. Under this new transition method, an entity initially applies the new leases standard at the adoption date and recognizes a cumulative-effect adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings in the period of adoption consistent with preparers’ requests. This standard will be effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within that reporting period. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this ASU on its consolidated financial statements, but expects that the adoption will result in the current operating lease being recorded on the consolidated balance sheet.

 

In June 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-07, “Compensation – Stock Compensation (Topic 718) – Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting,” which expands the scope of ASC 718 to include share-based payment transactions for acquiring goods and services from non-employees. The amendment specifies that ASC 718 applies to all share-based payment transactions in which a grantor acquires goods or services to be used or consumed in a grantor’s own operations by issuing share-based payment awards. This standard will be effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within that reporting period. Early adoption is permitted, but no earlier than an entity’s adoption date of Topic 606. The Company early adopted this ASU in the second quarter of 2018. The ASU had no material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

 

 

 

 8 

 

 

In August 2018, the Securities and Exchange Commission issued Release No. 33-10532 that amends and clarifies certain financial reporting requirements. The principal change to the Company’s financial reporting will be the inclusion of the annual disclosure requirement of changes in stockholders’ equity in Rule 3-04 of Regulation S-X to interim periods. We will adopt this new rule beginning with our financial reporting for the quarter ended March 31, 2019. Upon adoption, the Company will include the consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity with each quarterly filing on Form 10-Q.

 

4. Stockholders’ Equity

 

Lincoln Park Capital Fund, LLC – On August 8, 2017, the Company entered into a purchase agreement (the “LPC Purchase Agreement”) and a registration rights agreement with LPC, pursuant to which the Company has the right to sell to LPC shares of the Company’s common stock, subject to certain limitations and conditions set forth in the LPC Purchase Agreement.

 

During the three months ended September 30, 2018, the Company sold 15,000 shares of common stock to LPC for net proceeds of approximately $21,000. During the nine months ended September 30, 2018, the Company sold 435,000 shares of common stock to LPC for net proceeds of approximately $1,312,000.

 

April 2018 Registered Direct Offering and Private Placement – On April 11, 2018, the Company closed a registered direct offering of 1,510,604 shares of the Company’s common stock at a purchase price of $3.15 per share (the “April 2018 Offering”) pursuant to the Securities Purchase Agreement dated as of April 9, 2018, by and among the Company and each purchaser identified on the signature pages thereto. In a concurrent private placement, the Company sold warrants (the “Warrants”) to purchase a total of 1,132,953 shares of common stock at a purchase price of $0.125 per underlying warrant share and with an exercise price of $3.15 per share (the “Private Placement”). In connection with the April 2018 Offering and Private Placement, the Company issued warrants to purchase a total of 75,530 shares of common stock with an exercise price of $4.0546 per share to the placement agent, H.C. Wainwright & Co., LLC (the “Placement Agent Warrants”). Assuming the Warrants and Placement Agent Warrants are not exercised, net proceeds to the Company from the April 2018 Offering and Private Placement were $4,210,000 after deducting placement agent fees and offering expenses paid by the Company.

 

The Company assessed the Warrants and Placement Agent Warrants under the FASB ASC Topic 480, “Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity” (“ASC 480”) and determined that the Warrants and Placement Agent Warrants were outside the scope of ASC 480. The Company next assessed the Warrants and Placement Agent Warrants under the FASB ASC Topic 815, “Derivatives and Hedging” (“ASC 815”). Under the related guidance, a reporting entity shall not consider a contract to be a derivative instrument if the contract is both (1) indexed to the entity’s own stock and (2) classified in stockholders’ equity. The Company determined that the Warrants and Placement Agent Warrants were indexed to the Company’s stock, as the agreements do not contain any exercise contingencies and the settlement amount equals the difference between the fair value of the Company’s common stock price and the strike price. The Company also assessed the classification in stockholders’ equity and determined the Warrants and Placement Agent Warrants met all of the criteria for classification as equity under ASC 815. Based on this analysis, the Company determined that the Warrants and Placement Agent Warrants would be classified in stockholders’ equity.

  

Warrants — The following table summarizes the Company’s outstanding equity-classified warrants at September 30, 2018:

 

Exercise price   Number of Shares
Underlying Warrants
   Expiration 
$52.00    130,007    June 2, 2020 
$9.00    1,277,793    December 21, 2021 
$3.15    1,132,953    May 31, 2023 
$4.0546    75,530    April 9, 2023 
 Total warrants outstanding    2,616,283      

 

 

 

 9 

 

 

5. Net Loss per Share

 

The following table sets forth the potential common shares excluded from the calculation of net loss per share because their inclusion would be anti-dilutive:

 

   September 30, 
   2018   2017 
Options to purchase common stock   157,514    53,100 
Unvested, restricted stock   73,587     
Restricted stock units   151,250     
Warrants to purchase common stock   2,616,283    1,408,000 
Total   2,998,634    1,461,100 

 

6. Stock-based Compensation

 

Stock Options

 

The Company uses the Black-Scholes option-pricing model to determine the fair value of all its option grants. For valuing options granted during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, the following assumptions were used:

 

   For the Three Months Ended
September 30,
    For the Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
   2018   2017    2018    2017 
Risk-free interest rate   2.93%   1.94 – 2.35%    2.70 – 2.93%    1.73 – 2.49%
Expected volatility   161.45%   83.87 – 91.99%    91.28 – 161.45%    82.99 – 123.01%
Weighted average expected volatility   161.45%   87.93%    159.55%    84.65%
Expected lives (in years)   6.25    6.25 – 10.00     5.50 – 10.00     5.20 – 10.00 
Expected dividend yield   0.00%   0.00%    0.00%    0.00%

  

The weighted average fair value of options granted during the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 was $1.72 and $4.90, respectively. The weighted average fair value of options granted during the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 was $1.75 and $4.90, respectively.

 

The risk-free interest rate used for each grant is based upon the yield on zero-coupon U.S. Treasury securities with a term similar to the expected life of the related option. The Company’s expected stock price volatility assumption is based upon the Company’s own implied volatility. The expected life assumption for option grants is based upon the simplified method provided for under ASC 718. The dividend yield assumption is based upon the fact that the Company has never paid cash dividends and presently has no intention of paying cash dividends.

 

 

 

 10 

 

 

The following table summarizes the activity of the Company’s stock options for the nine months ended September 30, 2018:

 

    Number
of Shares
   Weighted-
Average
Exercise
Price
Per Share
   Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value
 
 Balance at December 31, 2017    50,180   $192.30       
 Granted    108,250    1.83      
 Exercised              
 Cancelled    (916)   29.50      
 Balance at September 30, 2018    157,514   $62.35   $ 
 Exercisable at September 30, 2018    38,939   $244.14   $ 

 

Stock-based compensation expense related to stock options for the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 was $17,000 and $43,000, respectively.

 

Stock-based compensation expense related to stock options for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 was $95,000 and $276,000, respectively.

 

Restricted Stock Units

 

In addition to options to purchase shares of common stock, the Company may also grant restricted stock units (“RSUs”). RSUs are generally subject to graded vesting and the satisfaction of service requirements, similar to our stock options. Upon vesting, each outstanding RSU will be exchanged for one share of the Company’s common stock. The fair value of the RSUs awarded are based on the Company’s closing stock price at the grant date and are expensed over the requisite service period.

 

The following table summarizes the activity of the Company’s RSUs for the nine months ended September 30, 2018:

 

    Number
of Shares
   Weighted-
Average
Grant Date Fair Value Per Share
 
 Unvested units at December 31, 2017       $ 
 Granted    151,250    1.79 
 Vested         
 Forfeited         
 Unvested units at September 30, 2018    151,250   $1.79 

 

During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, the Company recorded $22,000 of expense related to RSUs. There was no expense related to RSUs recorded in the same prior year periods. Such expense is included in stock-based compensation expense in the condensed consolidated statement of operations.

 

 

 

 11 

 

 

Restricted Stock

 

On August 31, 2018, Geert Cauwenbergh, Dr. Med. Sc., the Company’s Chief Executive Officer, elected the right to receive, in lieu of cash, for the period from September 15, 2018 to December 31, 2018, up to 50% of his base salary and cash bonuses, if any, (collectively, the “Compensation”) payable in the form of unvested, restricted shares of the Company’s common stock. Such restricted shares will be received in the form of a series of grants made on each Company payroll date in lieu of cash payment of the Compensation and shall vest in full on January 1, 2019, subject to his continued employment through such date. The fair value of the restricted stock is based on the Company’s closing stock price on the date of grant and is expensed over the vesting period.

 

For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, the Company granted 73,587 restricted shares of the Company’s common stock in lieu of Compensation to Dr. Cauwenbergh. No stock-based compensation expense was recorded related to the restricted shares for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 or 2017. Stock-based compensation expense based on the grant date fair value of the restricted shares will be recognized as an expense over the requisite vesting period, which is expected to occur during the three months ended December 31, 2018.

 

Compensation Expense Related to Equity Awards

 

The Company recorded total stock-based compensation expense related to equity awards in the condensed consolidated statement of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 as follows, in thousands:

 

   Three Months Ended   Nine Months Ended 
   September 30,   September 30, 
   2018   2017   2018   2017 
Research and development  $9   $7   $29   $80 
General and administrative   30    36    88    196 
Total stock-based compensation  $39   $43   $117   $276 

 

7. Subsequent Events

 

On October 3, 2018, the Company closed an underwritten public offering (the “October 2018 Offering”) of (i) 3,725,714 units (the “Units”), at a public offering price of $0.70 per Unit, with each Unit consisting of one share of common stock and one warrant (the “October 2018 Warrants”) to purchase one share of common stock and (ii) 17,702,858 pre-funded units (the “Pre-Funded Units”), at a public offering price of $0.69 per Pre-Funded Unit, with each Pre-Funded Unit consisting of one pre-funded warrant (the “Pre-Funded Warrants”) to purchase one share of common stock and one October 2018 Warrant. The October 2018 Warrants included in the Units and Pre-Funded Units are immediately exercisable at a price of $0.70 per share and expire seven years from the date of issuance. The Pre-Funded Warrants included in the Pre-Funded Units are immediately exercisable at a price per share of $0.01 and do not expire. The Company is currently reviewing the accounting for the Pre-Funded Warrants and Warrants issued in the October 2018 Offering. Assuming the October 2018 Warrants are not exercised, net proceeds from the October 2018 Offering were approximately $13,300,000 after deducting underwriting discounts and commissions and offering expenses paid by the Company.

 

The net proceeds from the October 2018 Offering will be reflected in stockholders’ equity for the year ending December 31, 2018.

 

Additionally, pursuant to the October 2018 Offering, the Company issued warrants to purchase up to 1,607,143 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $0.875 per share to the underwriter, H.C. Wainwright & Co., LLC.

 

Subsequent to the balance sheet date, 10,534,286 Pre-Funded Warrants were converted into 10,534,286 shares of common stock for net proceeds of $105,000.

 

 

 

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ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

In this document, “we,” “our,” “ours,” “us,” “RXi” and the “Company” refers to RXi Pharmaceuticals Corporation and our subsidiary, MirImmune, LLC and the ongoing business operations of RXi Pharmaceuticals Corporation and MirImmune, LLC, whether conducted through RXi Pharmaceuticals Corporation or MirImmune, LLC.

 

This management’s discussion and analysis of financial condition as of September 30, 2018 and results of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 should be read in conjunction with the financial statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017, which was filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 26, 2018.

 

This report contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements can be identified by words such as “intends,” “believes,” “anticipates,” “indicates,” “plans,” “expects,” “suggests,” “may,” “should,” “potential,” “designed to,” “will” and similar references, although not all forward-looking statements contain these words. Forward-looking statements are neither historical facts nor assurances of future performance. These statements are based only on our current beliefs, expectations and assumptions regarding the future of our business, future plans and strategies, projections, anticipated events and trends, the economy and other future conditions. Because forward-looking statements relate to the future, they are subject to inherent uncertainties, risks and changes in circumstances that are difficult to predict and many of which are outside of our control. Our actual results and financial condition may differ materially from those indicated in the forward-looking statements as a result of a number of important factors, including those identified in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017 under the heading “Risk Factors” and in other filings the Company periodically makes with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Therefore, you should not rely on any of these forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q speak as of the date hereof and the Company does not undertake to update any of these forward-looking statements to reflect a change in its views or events or circumstances that occur after the date of this report.

 

Overview

 

RXi Pharmaceuticals Corporation is a biotechnology company developing the next generation of immuno-oncology therapeutics based on its self-delivering RNAi (“sd-rxRNA®”) therapeutic platform. Our sd-rxRNA compounds do not require a delivery vehicle to penetrate the cell and are designed to “silence,” or down-regulate, the expression of a specific gene that may be over-expressed in a disease condition. We believe that this provides the Company with a distinct advantage in adoptive cell transfer (“ACT”) therapy, the Company’s initial focus and approach to immuno-oncology.

 

Prior to the Company’s acquisition of MirImmune Inc. (“MirImmune”) in January 2017, the Company’s principal activities consisted of the preclinical and clinical development of our sd-rxRNA compounds and topical immunotherapy agent in the areas of dermatology and ophthalmology. In January 2018, after a thorough review of our business operations, development programs and financial resources, the Company made a strategic decision to focus solely on immuno-oncology to accelerate growth and support a potential return on investment for its stockholders. The Company’s current business strategy focuses on the development of immuno-oncology therapeutics utilizing our proprietary sd-rxRNA technology.

 

In ACT, immune cells are isolated from specific patients or retrieved from allogeneic immune cell banks, which are banks of cells donated from healthy volunteers. The immune cells are then expanded and modified before being returned and used to treat the same patient. We believe our sd-rxRNA compounds are ideally suited to be used in combination with ACT, in order to make these immune cells more effective. Our approach involves the treatment of the immune cells with our sd-rxRNA compounds during the expansion and modification phase. Because our sd-rxRNA compounds do not require a delivery vehicle to penetrate into the cells, we are able to enhance these cells (for example, by inhibiting the expression of immune checkpoint genes) by merely adding our sd-rxRNA compounds during the expansion process. After enhancing these cells ex-vivo, they are returned to the patient for treatment. In various types of immune cells tested to date, the sd-rxRNA treatment results in potent silencing while maintaining close to 100% transfection efficiency and nearly full cell viability.

 

 

 

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We believe that our sd-rxRNA therapeutics are uniquely positioned in the immuno-oncology field for the following reasons:

 

  ·   Our sd-rxRNA compounds do not need facilitated delivery (mechanical or formulation);
  ·   Can target multiple genes (i.e. multiple immunosuppression pathways) in a single therapeutic entity;
  ·   Demonstrate efficient uptake of sd-rxRNA to immune cells;
  ·   Silencing by sd-rxRNA has been shown to have a sustained (long-term) effect in vivo;
  ·   Favorable clinical safety profile of sd-rxRNA with local administration; and
  ·   Can be readily manufactured under current good manufacturing practices.

 

We currently have a pipeline of discovery and preclinical programs in three focus areas in which we are aligning our internal research and development efforts with extramural collaborations.

 

Checkpoint Inhibition in T-Cells

 

This is our key focus area and our most advanced immuno-oncology program. We have developed sd-rxRNA targeting PD-1, TIGIT and other undisclosed checkpoints in ACT for the treatment of solid tumors. RXI-762 and RXI-804, sd-rxRNA compounds that are designed to suppress the expression of immune checkpoint proteins PD-1 and TIGIT, respectively, which, when used in ACT, are expected to result in an improved efficacy to the targeted tumors.

 

Our collaboration with the Center for Cancer Immune Therapy at Herlev Hospital, or CCIT, a leading European cancer center, is evaluating the potential of our sd-rxRNA technology platform to enhance the function of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (“TILs”) for use in the treatment for a number of cancer types, including melanoma and ovarian cancer. To date, CCIT has evaluated sd-rxRNA compounds targeting immune checkpoints in preclinical screening models of matched TIL/tumor cell pairs from melanoma and cancer patients. Results have shown a marked PD-1 reduction on the surface of TILs in a pilot rapid expansion protocol.

 

Through our collaboration with Medigene AG, a German biotechnology company developing highly innovative, complementary treatment platforms to target various types and stages of cancer, we are exploring the potential synergies of our sd-rxRNA technology in combination with Medigene’s recombinant TCRs to develop modified T-cells with enhanced efficacy and/or safety with the ultimate goal to further improve Medigene’s T-cell therapies for the treatment of cancer patients. In recent studies, Medigene has observed the reduction of PD-1 surface levels in T-cells transduced with TCRs and treated with our sd-rxRNA compound, RXI-762.

 

We expect to enter clinical development with RXI-762 as part of an ACT therapy for solid tumors by the end of 2019.

 

Targets Outside of Checkpoint Inhibition in T-Cells and Other Immune Cell Types

 

This focus area uses our sd-rxRNA in T-cells and other immune cell types, such as natural killer (“NK”) cells and dendritic cells, for targets other than immune checkpoints in order to weaponize and improve cell persistence and cell viability in the immunosuppressive tumor micro-environment. We believe this shows the broad applicability of our platform technology, and that our potential impact in immuno-oncology is not limited to checkpoints and TILs.

 

We have shown that sd-rxRNAs are rapidly and efficiently taken up by immune effector cells without the use of transfection reagents. Using sd-rxRNA compounds against checkpoint inhibitors, we can suppress their expression levels up to 95% in immune cells, including T-cells and NK cells. Furthermore, we have demonstrated potent silencing activity as well as a phenotypic effect (enhanced degranulation activity) of NK cells treated with sd-rxRNA compounds targeting checkpoints. By treating NK cells ex-vivo, prior to ACT with sd-rxRNA reducing the expression of proteins such as Cbl-b and TIGIT, the anti-tumor response of these cells can be improved. Ongoing work expands these findings to include compounds for more specific NK targets, including NK specific inhibitory receptors, which could be used alone or in combination.

 

 

 

 14 

 

 

Tumor and/or Tumor Micro-Environment Targets

 

Our third focus area includes the use of our sd-rxRNA directly towards tumor and/or tumor micro-environment (“TME”) targets. Impacting the tumor cells and/or tumor micro-environment through a direct use of sd-rxRNA, such as via intra-tumoral injection, could potentially become an important form of adjuvant therapy. We believe that this will also show that our contributions with our sd-rxRNA compounds in immuno-oncology are not limited to use with another company’s cell platform. Additionally, the Company has shown that its sd-rxRNA compounds are safe and well-tolerated via intradermal injections and injections in the eye through its completed clinical trials with RXI-109 in dermatology and ophthalmology.

 

Our collaborative research agreement with Gustave Roussy, a leading comprehensive cancer center in France, concentrates on determining the feasibility of our sd-rxRNA platform to target TME via intratumoral injection. The goal of our recent study with Gustave Roussy was to identify sd-rxRNA compounds to their target of interest and demonstrate efficacy (silencing and phenotypic effect) of sd-rxRNA compounds in a mouse model. Results from this study showed an 80—85% reduction of the target gene in a mouse model of melanoma via intra-tumoral injection.

 

We continue to advance our sd-rxRNA technology platform towards clinical development in immuno-oncology, both independently and with our strategic collaborations. We plan to focus our internal resources on therapeutic areas where research and development is appropriate for the size and financial resources of the Company and to seek partners in therapeutic areas with the requisite expertise and resources to advance our product and research candidates through clinical development. We believe that this approach to our strategy will allow us to build upon these current collaborations to add additional partnerships to our immuno-oncology pipeline, support the Company with a shorter path to the clinic by allowing us to utilize and build upon already established protocols of our partners and provide us with the opportunity to expand our immuno-oncology programs and pipeline in multiple areas.

 

While the Company announced in January 2018 that its current business strategy is to focus solely on its immuno-oncology pipeline development, this year the Company also completed and reported on its clinical trials in dermatology and ophthalmology with RXI-109, our first sd-rxRNA clinical candidate, and Samcyprone®. The results of the Company’s clinical trials with RXI-109 and Samcyprone are as follows:

 

  · In December 2017, the Company announced positive results with RXI-109 in a Phase 2 open-label, multi-center, prospective, within-subject controlled study evaluating the effectiveness and safety of RXI-109 on the outcome of scar revision surgery for hypertrophic scars in healthy adults. The primary effectiveness objective was met as shown by a statistically significant improved visual appearance of revised scars after scar revision surgery and treatment with RXI-109 versus control, as assessed by the investigator. The full study results showed that the product was safe and well tolerated for all dosage groups. Exploratory endpoint analysis furthermore showed that the cosmetic outcomes of RXI-109 treated scars were highly preferred over the untreated revised scars, by both investigators and patients.

 

  · In May 2018, the Company announced results from our Phase 2 clinical trial with Samcyprone in cutaneous warts. The primary effectiveness objectives were met as shown by high levels of immunotherapeutic response and therapeutic response. The immunotherapeutic response rate – a prerequisite for therapeutic response – was 97.7% across all 88 subjects enrolled in the study. From a therapeutic response viewpoint, with once weekly dosing for up to 10 weeks, more than 70% of all warts showed a positive wart response rate, i.e. reduction of wart size of more than 50%. Complete wart clearance throughout the study was 54% for all warts, and up to 71.4% for certain wart types (non-plantar warts). The study results show furthermore that Samcyprone was safe and well tolerated.

 

  · In August 2018, the Company announced positive results from our Phase 1/2 clinical trial to evaluate the safety and clinical activity of RXI-109 in reducing the progression of retinal scarring. The trial was a multi-dose, dose escalation study conducted in subjects with wet age-related macular degeneration with evidence of subretinal fibrosis. Each subject in the study received four doses of RXI-109 by intraocular injection at one-month intervals for a total dosing period of three months. The primary objective was met as shown by the absence of dose-limiting and serious toxicities, and only mild to moderate procedure related adverse events. None of the adverse events were drug related. In addition, comprehensive ocular examinations showed no indications of inflammation nor any other tolerability issues related to the treatment. The secondary objective of the study was also met with improved or stable disease in the study eyes of several subjects.

 

 

 

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The Company intends to seek a partner and/or out-licensee for each of its dermatology and ophthalmology franchises, including RXI-109 and Samcyprone®, to continue their development. The goal of any such transaction would be to allow the Company to monetize these preclinical and clinical assets to further fund ongoing and future development work in our immuno-oncology programs and extend our financial runway.

 

On January 3, 2018, the Board of Directors of the Company approved a 1-for-10 reverse stock split of the Company’s outstanding common stock, which was effected on January 8, 2018. All share and per share amounts have been retroactively adjusted for all periods presented to give effect to the reverse stock split, including reclassifying an amount equal to the reduction in par value to additional paid-in capital in the financial statements.

 

On April 11, 2018, the Company closed a registered direct offering of 1,510,604 shares of the Company’s common stock at a purchase price of $3.15 per share (the “April 2018 Offering”) pursuant to the Securities Purchase Agreement dated as of April 9, 2018, by and among the Company and each purchaser identified on the signature pages thereto. In a concurrent private placement, the Company sold warrants (the “Warrants”) to purchase a total of 1,132,953 shares of common stock at a purchase price of $0.125 per underlying warrant share and with an exercise price of $3.15 per share (the “Private Placement”). In connection with the Offering and Private Placement, the Company issued warrants to purchase a total of 75,530 shares of common stock with an exercise price of $4.0546 per share to the placement agent, H.C. Wainwright & Co., LLC (the “Placement Agent Warrants”). Assuming the Warrants and Placement Agent Warrants are not exercised, net proceeds to the Company from the Offering and Private Placement were $4,210,000 after deducting placement agent fees and offering expenses paid by the Company.

 

On October 3, 2018, the Company closed an underwritten public offering (the “October 2018 Offering”) of (i) 3,725,714 units (the “Units”), at a public offering price of $0.70 per Unit, with each Unit consisting of one share of common stock and one warrant (the “October 2018 Warrants”) to purchase one share of common stock and (ii) 17,702,858 pre-funded units (the “Pre-Funded Units”), at a public offering price of $0.69 per Pre-Funded Unit, with each Pre-Funded Unit consisting of one pre-funded warrant (the “Pre-Funded Warrants”) to purchase one share of common stock and one October 2018 Warrant. The October 2018 Warrants included in the Units and Pre-Funded Units are immediately exercisable at a price of $0.70 per share and expire seven years from the date of issuance. The Pre-Funded Warrants included in the Pre-Funded Units are immediately exercisable at a price per share of $0.01 and do not expire. Assuming the October 2018 Warrants are not exercised, net proceeds from the October 2018 Offering were approximately $13,300,000 after deducting underwriting discounts and commissions and offering expenses paid by the Company. Additionally, pursuant to the October 2018 Offering, the Company issued warrants to purchase up to 1,607,143 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $0.875 per share to the underwriter, H.C. Wainwright & Co., LLC.

 

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

 

There have been no significant changes to our critical accounting policies since the beginning of this fiscal year. Our critical accounting policies are described in the “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” section of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017, which we filed with the SEC on March 26, 2018.

 

Results of Operations

 

The following data summarizes the results of our operations for the periods indicated, in thousands:

 

   Three Months Ended September 30,       Nine Months Ended September 30,     
Description  2018   2017  

Dollar

Change

   2018   2017   Dollar Change 
Revenues  $57   $   $57   $138   $   $138 
Operating expenses   (1,549)   (2,476)   927    (5,768)   (12,071)   6,303 
Operating loss   (1,492)   (2,476)   984    (5,630)   (12,071)   6,441 
Income tax benefit                   1,621    (1,621)
Net loss   (1,493)   (2,476)   983    (5,633)   (10,450)   4,817 

  

 

 

 16 

 

 

Comparison of the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2018 and 2017

 

Revenues

 

The following table summarizes our total revenues, for the periods indicated, in thousands:

 

    Three Months Ended September 30,       Nine Months Ended September 30,     
Description   2018   2017  

Dollar

Change

   2018   2017   Dollar Change 
 Revenues   $57   $   $57   $138   $   $138 

 

Revenues for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 related to the work performed by the Company as a sub-awardee under the government grant issued to our collaborator BioAxone Biosciences, Inc. from the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. The grant provides funding for the development of a novel sd-rxRNA compound, BA-434, that targets PTEN for the treatment of spinal cord injury. There were no revenues for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017.

 

Operating Expenses

 

The following table summarizes our total operating expenses, for the periods indicated, in thousands:

 

   Three Months Ended September 30,       Nine Months Ended September 30,     
Description  2018   2017  

Dollar

Change

   2018   2017  

Dollar

Change

 
Research and development  $838   $1,490   $(652)  $3,382   $4,166   $(784)
Acquired in-process research and development                   4,696    (4,696)
General and administrative   711    986    (275)   2,386    3,209    (823)
Total operating expenses  $1,549   $2,476   $(927)  $5,768   $12,071   $(6,303)

 

Research and Development Expenses

 

Research and development expenses relate to salaries, employee benefits, facility-related expenses, supplies, stock-based compensation related to employees and non-employees involved in the Company’s research and development, external services, other operating costs and overhead related to our research and development departments, costs to acquire technology licenses and expenses associated with our preclinical activities and clinical trials.

 

Research and development expenses for the three months ended September 30, 2018 decreased 44% compared with the three months ended September 30, 2017, primarily due to a decrease in clinical-trial related expenses as subject participation is complete for all of the Company’s clinical trials in dermatology and ophthalmology and a decrease in payroll-related expenses due to a reduction in headcount as compared with the prior year period.

 

Research and development expenses for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 decreased 19% compared with the nine months ended September 30, 2017, primarily due to a decrease in expenses related to the Company’s dermatology and ophthalmology programs, including clinical trial and manufacturing fees, as these projects ramp down with the Company’s sole focus on immuno-oncology and a decrease in payroll-related expenses due to a reduction in headcount as compared with the prior year period.

  

 

 

 17 

 

 

Acquired In-process Research and Development Expense

 

In January 2017, the Company acquired all of the issued and outstanding capital stock of MirImmune, a privately-held biotechnology company that was engaged in the development of cancer immunotherapies, in exchange for securities of the Company. The Company determined that the acquired assets did not constitute a business and that the transaction would be accounted for as an asset acquisition. As the assets and development programs acquired from MirImmune were at an early stage of development and determining the future economic benefit of the acquired assets at the date of acquisition was highly uncertain, the fair value of the assets was fully expensed as in-process research and development expense.

 

There was no acquired in-process research and development expense during the three months ended September 30, 2018 or 2017 or for the nine months ended September 30, 2018. During the nine months ended September 30, 2017, the Company recorded acquired in-process research and development expense related to the fair value of consideration given, which included transaction costs, liabilities assumed and cancellation of notes receivable, and the deferred tax impact of the acquisition of MirImmune.

 

General and Administrative Expenses

 

General and administrative expenses relate to salaries, employee benefits, facility-related expenses, stock-based compensation expense related to employees dedicated to general and administrative activities. Other general and administrative expenses include professional fees for legal, audit, tax and consulting services, as well as other general corporate expenses.

 

General and administrative expenses for the three months ended September 30, 2018 decreased 28% compared with the three months ended September 30, 2017, primarily due to decreases in payroll-related expenses, including those related to a reduction in headcount.

 

General and administrative expenses for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 decreased 26% compared with the nine months ended September 30, 2017, primarily due to decreases in payroll-related expenses, including those related to a reduction in headcount, as well as a decrease in professional fees for legal-related services.

 

Income Tax

 

The following table summarizes the Company’s income tax for the periods indicated, in thousands:

 

   Three Months Ended September 30,       Nine Months Ended September 30,     
Description  2018   2017  

Dollar

Change

   2018   2017   Dollar Change 
Income tax benefit  $   $   $   $   $1,621   $(1,621)

 

There was no income tax during the three months ended September 30, 2018 or 2017 or for the nine months ended September 30, 2018. For the nine months ended September 30, 2017, we recognized an income tax benefit for the tax-related impact of the Company’s acquisition of MirImmune in January 2017.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

On August 8, 2017, the Company entered into a purchase agreement (the “LPC Purchase Agreement”) and a registration rights agreement with Lincoln Park Capital Fund, LLC (“LPC”), pursuant to which the Company has the right to sell to LPC up to $15,000,000 in shares of the Company’s common stock, subject to certain limitations and conditions set forth therein, over the 30-month term of the LPC Purchase Agreement. During the nine months ended September 30, 2018, the Company sold 435,000 shares of common stock to LPC for net proceeds of approximately $1,312,000. In total, the Company has sold 495,000 shares of common stock to LPC for net proceeds of approximately $1,602,000.

  

 

 

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On April 11, 2018, the Company closed on the April 2018 Offering and Private Placement of its common stock and the Warrants. Assuming the Warrants and Placement Agent Warrants are not exercised, net proceeds to the Company from the Offering and Private Placement were $4,210,000 after deducting placement agent fees and offering expenses paid by the Company.

 

On October 3, 2018, the Company closed on the October 2018 Offering of its Units and Pre-Funded Units. Assuming the October 2018 Warrants included in the Units and Pre-Funded Units are not exercised, net proceeds from the October 2018 Offering were approximately $13,300,000 after deducting underwriting discounts and commissions and offering expenses paid by the Company.

 

We had cash and cash equivalents of $3,240,000 as of September 30, 2018, compared with $3,581,000 as of December 31, 2017. We have reported recurring losses from operations since inception and expect that we will continue to have negative cash flows from our operations for the foreseeable future. Historically, the Company’s primary source of funding has been the sale of its securities. In the future, we will be dependent on obtaining funding from third parties, such as proceeds from the issuance of debt, sale of equity, or strategic opportunities, in order to maintain our operations. There is no guarantee that debt, additional equity or other funding will be available to us on acceptable terms, or at all. If we fail to obtain additional funding when needed, we would be forced to scale back or terminate our operations or to seek to merge with or to be acquired by another company. We believe that our existing cash, the net proceeds from the April 2018 Offering and the net proceeds from the October 2018 Offering should be sufficient to fund our operations for at least the next twelve months.

 

The following table summarizes our cash flows for the periods indicated, in thousands:

 

   Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
   2018   2017 
Net cash used in operating activities  $(5,774)  $(7,313)
Net cash used in investing activities       (103)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities   5,433    (74)
Net decrease in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash  $(341)  $(7,490)

 

Net Cash Flow from Operating Activities

 

Net cash used in operating activities was $5,774,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 compared with $7,313,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2017. The decrease in cash used in operating activities of $1,539,000 was primarily attributable to a decrease in net loss offset by adjustments for non-cash expenses, primarily acquired in-process research and development expense and deferred tax related to the Company’s acquisition of MirImmune in the prior year.

 

Net Cash Flow from Investing Activities

 

There were no net cash flows related to investing activities for the nine months ended September 30, 2018. Net cash used in investing activities was $103,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2017. The decrease in net cash flow from investing activities was primarily related to the purchase of laboratory equipment in the prior year.

 

Net Cash Flow from Financing Activities

 

Net cash provided by financing activities was $5,433,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and was due to proceeds received by the Company from the April 2018 Offering, Private Placement and the issuance of common stock to LPC. Net cash used in financing activities for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 was $74,000 and was due to offering costs in relation to the LPC Purchase Agreement.

  

 

 

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Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

In connection with certain license agreements, we are required to indemnify the licensor for certain damages arising in connection with the intellectual property rights licensed under the agreement. In addition, we are a party to a number of agreements entered into in the ordinary course of business that contain typical provisions that obligate us to indemnify the other parties to such agreements upon the occurrence of certain events. These indemnification obligations are considered off-balance sheet arrangements in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification Topic 460, “Guarantor’s Accounting and Disclosure Requirements for Guarantees, Including Indirect Guarantees of Indebtedness of Others.” To date, we have not encountered material costs as a result of such obligations and have not accrued any liabilities related to such obligations in our financial statements. See Note 7 to our consolidated financial statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017, which was filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 26, 2018, for further discussion of these indemnification agreements.

 

ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

 

Not applicable.

 

ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

Our management, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and acting Chief Financial Officer, evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as of the end of the period covered by this report. Disclosure controls and procedures, as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), are designed to reasonably assure that information required to be disclosed in our reports filed under the Exchange Act are recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) rules and forms. Disclosure controls and procedures are also designed to reasonably assure that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including the Chief Executive Officer and acting Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. We believe that a control system, no matter how well designed and operated, cannot provide absolute assurance that the objectives of the control system are met, and no evaluation of controls can provide absolute assurance that all control issues and instances of fraud, if any, within a company have been detected. Based on the evaluation of our disclosure controls and procedures as of the end of the period covered by this report, management has concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective as of such date due to the material weakness in internal control over financial reporting that was disclosed in Part II, Item 9A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017.

 

Remediation Plan

 

As previously disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017, management has implemented a remediation plan to address the control deficiency that led to the material weakness in internal control over financial reporting related to our controls over accounting for income taxes. The remediation plan includes (i) the implementation of increased involvement on a quarterly basis with our third-party tax accountants dedicated to determining the appropriate accounting for material and complex tax transactions in a timely manner, (ii) the review of our tax accounting processes to identify and implement enhanced tax accounting processes and related internal control procedures and (iii) establishing additional training and education programs for financial personnel responsible for income tax accounting.

 

Management believes the implementation of the measures described above will remediate the control deficiencies identified and will strengthen our internal control over financial reporting. The material weakness cannot be considered remediated until the control has operated for a sufficient period of time and until management has concluded, through testing, that the control is operating effectively. We expect these remedial actions to be effectively implemented in order to successfully remediate the material weakness by the end of 2018.

 

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

 

Other than the changes noted in the Remediation Plan section above, which were implemented during the quarterly period ended March 31, 2018, there has not been any change in our internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the nine months ended September 30, 2018 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

 

 

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PART II — OTHER INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

 

From time to time, the Company is party to legal proceedings. There are none deemed to be material at this time.

 

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS

 

Please carefully consider the information set forth in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and the risk factors discussed in Part I, “Item 1A. Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 26, 2018. Our business, financial condition or results of operations could be materially adversely affected by any of these risks. This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q also contains forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. Our actual results could differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements as a result of certain factors, including these risks.

 

We may not be able to regain compliance with the continued listing requirements of The Nasdaq Capital Market.

 

On November 12, 2018, we received written notice (the “Notification Letter”) from the Nasdaq Stock Market (“Nasdaq”) notifying us that we are not in compliance with the minimum bid price requirements set forth in Nasdaq Listing Rule 5550(a)(2) for continued listing on The Nasdaq Capital Market. Nasdaq Listing Rule 5550(a)(2) requires listed securities to maintain a minimum bid price of $1.00 per share, and Listing Rule 5810(c)(3)(A) provides that a failure to meet the minimum bid price requirement exists if the deficiency continues for a period of 30 consecutive business days. Based on the closing bid price of our common stock for the 30 consecutive business days prior to the date of the Notification Letter, we no longer meet the minimum bid price requirement.

 

The Notification Letter does not impact our listing on The Nasdaq Capital Market at this time. The Notification Letter states that we have 180 calendar days, or until May 13, 2019, to regain compliance with Nasdaq Listing Rule 5550(a)(2). To regain compliance, the bid price of our common stock must have a closing bid price of at least $1.00 per share for a minimum of 10 consecutive business days at any time prior to May 13, 2019. In the event that we do not regain compliance by May 13, 2019, we may be eligible for additional time to reach compliance with the minimum bid price requirement. However, if we fail to regain compliance with the minimum bid price listing requirement or fail to maintain compliance with all other applicable continued listing requirements and Nasdaq determines to delist our common stock, the delisting could adversely impact us by, among other things, reducing the liquidity and market price of our common stock; reducing the number of investors willing to hold or acquire our common stock; limiting our ability to issue additional securities in the future; and limiting our ability to fund our operations.

 

ITEM 2. UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS

 

None.

 

ITEM 3. DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES

 

None.

 

ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

 

Not applicable.

 

ITEM 5. OTHER INFORMATION

 

None.

 

 

 

 21 

 

 

ITEM 6. EXHIBITS

 

EXHIBIT INDEX

 

      Incorporated by Reference Herein

Exhibit
Number

  Description Form Date
       
31.1   Sarbanes-Oxley Act Section 302 Certification of Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer.*    
       
32.1   Sarbanes-Oxley Act Section 906 Certification of Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer.*    
       
 101   The following financial information from the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of RXi Pharmaceuticals Corporation for the quarter ended September 30, 2018, formatted in XBRL (eXtensible Business Reporting Language): (1) Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017; (2) Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2018 and 2017; (3) Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2018 and 2017; and (4) Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited).*    
         
  * Filed herewith.

 

 

 

 

 22 

 

 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

       
  RXi Pharmaceuticals Corporation
     
  By:  

/s/ Geert Cauwenbergh

      Geert Cauwenbergh, Dr. Med. Sc.
      President, Chief Executive Officer and acting Chief Financial Officer
     
      Date: November 14, 2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 23 

Exhibit 31.1

 

CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER AND CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER

PURSUANT TO SECTION 302 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

 

I, Geert Cauwenbergh, certify that:

 

1. I have reviewed this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of RXi Pharmaceuticals Corporation;

 

2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

 

3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

 

4. I am responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) for the registrant and have:

 

a) Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

 

b) Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

 

c) Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report my conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

 

d) Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

 

5. I have disclosed, based on my most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

 

a) All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

 

b) Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal controls over financial reporting.

 

Dated: November 14, 2018

 

/s/ Geert Cauwenbergh

Geert Cauwenbergh, Dr. Med. Sc.
President, Chief Executive Officer and acting Chief Financial Officer
(as Principal Executive and Financial Officer)

Exhibit 32.1

 

CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO

18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350

AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO

SECTION 906 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

 

In connection with the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of RXi Pharmaceuticals Corporation (the “Company”) for the period ended September 30, 2018 as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof (the “Report”), the undersigned officer of the Company certifies, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 1350, as adopted pursuant to § 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, that to his knowledge:

 

 

1. The Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934; and

 

2. The information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the Company’s financial condition and result of operations.

 

 

/s/ Geert Cauwenbergh

Geert Cauwenbergh, Dr. Med. Sc.
President, Chief Executive Officer and acting Chief Financial Officer
(as Principal Executive and Financial Officer)

 

November 14, 2018